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Profils et carrières d’élèves ingénieurs : l'étude de la génération 1901

Abstract : This study is about the recruitment of French “civil engineers” (for the private sector) schools in 1901, comparatively in particular with the recruitment during the same year of the École polytechnique, dedicated as a rule to the training of State engineers for civil or military corps. The schools integrated are the École centrale des arts et manufactures, the Écoles des mines in Paris and Saint-Étienne, the École des Ponts et Chaussées, along with two schools in Lyon, the École centrale and the École de chimie industrielle. The paper deals successively with the relative competition between those schools for their recruitment, the partially different fish ponds where they draw from, the rather privileged social backgrounds of their students, without exclusion of popular origins, the types of training, rather generalist, with an applied dimension, they offer and the widely industrial careers made by their alumni, in very different branches.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03089192
Contributor : Hervé Joly <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 28, 2020 - 9:44:24 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 4:42:02 PM

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Hervé Joly. Profils et carrières d’élèves ingénieurs : l'étude de la génération 1901. Artefact : techniques, histoire et sciences humaines, CNRS éditions, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2021, pp.99-117. ⟨10.4000/artefact.6372⟩. ⟨halshs-03089192⟩

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