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Entre Arabie et Éthiopie chrétienne : le sultan walasma‘ Sa‘d al-Dīn et ses fils

Abstract : At the beginning of the 15th century, the Walasma‘ sultan Sa‘d al-Dīn is murdered, at Zayla‘, by the Christian king of Ethiopia’s army. This turning point in the history of the Walasma‘ dynasty marks the end of the Ifāt Sultanate, on which the Walasma‘ ruled since the end of the 13th century. This paper deals with this murder and its consequences, as the Sa‘d al-Dīn’s sons refuge at the court of the Rasūlid sultan of Yemen, then their comeback in Ethiopia to found a new sultanate, the Barr Sa‘d al-Dīn, and to continue the opposition against the Christian power. This paper is based on the two Arabic texts generally used for this question, the al-Maqrīzī’s Kitāb al-Ilmām and the Ta’rīḫ ‘Umar Walasma‘, as well as new sources, such as Yemeni Annals and Egyptian and Yemeni biographical dictionaries. This renewed documentation allows to fix the death of Sa‘d al-Dīn in 811 H. / 1408-1409, and to better understand the context which explains the role of the Yemeni power in this affair as well as the Christian powers which confront Sa‘d al-Dīn and then his sons.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03086735
Contributor : Amélie Chekroun <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - 7:52:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 3:33:41 AM

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Amélie Chekroun. Entre Arabie et Éthiopie chrétienne : le sultan walasma‘ Sa‘d al-Dīn et ses fils. Medievales -Paris-, Puv, A paraître. ⟨halshs-03086735⟩

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