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Death and Burial in the Kingdom of Meroe

Francigny Vincent 1, 2
2 OM-MP - Équipe Mondes pharaoniques
SU - Sorbonne Université, OM - ORIENT ET MÉDITERRANÉE : Textes, Archéologie, Histoire
Abstract : This article presents an overview of funerary customs and their antecedents in the king­ dom of Meroe (300 BCE–350 CE), with a focus on elite burials. In a land exposed to grad­ ual changes after a long period of Egyptian colonization, cultural entanglement has creat­ ed new religious beliefs supported by a unique architecture and statuary, in addition to new traditions regarding mortuary rituals. Copying the royal funerals, high-ranked offi­ cials are buried with rich equipment (weaponry, vessels, jewelry, coffins, shrouds) while at the surface a pyramid or a tumulus will mark the grave and become the theater of a cult for the dead fusing with the cult of Osiris. Easily accessible from settlements, the Meroitic grave appears as a new place to intercede with the gods and maintain the influ­ ence of some families over local communities.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03070236
Contributor : Vincent Francigny <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 5:23:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 13, 2021 - 7:23:08 PM

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Francigny Vincent. Death and Burial in the Kingdom of Meroe. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Nubia, p. 589-603, 2021, ⟨10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190496272.013.29⟩. ⟨halshs-03070236⟩

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