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Les pratiques de récupération dans la construction : le remploi du « choin » de Fay à Lyon et à Vienne (Moyen Âge - Temps modernes)

Abstract : The reuse-recycling of objects and materials is a phenomenon frequently identified in ancient constructions. However, despite its apparent banality, archaeologists are not always able to recognize this practice. It can be seen and identified only when the material and its form and finishing deviate from the rest of the masonry. It then becomes evident and we are reminded of its ubiquity in buildings. Though the stages of the reuse-recycling process are difficult to perceive, this practice is not the result of random material recuperations. The materials are selected, as is their destination in the construction. The “choin de Fay” – a cold limestone extracted from the Bugey quarries – provides a well-identified example of reuse-recycling in the cities of Lyon and Vienne. Abundantly used in Antique monumental constructions, this stone with desirable qualities (ease of polishing, resistance to compression and frost, large pieces) was widely reused-recycled in Antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages. Based on a confrontation of more than 60 years of archaeological data and bibliographic sources, it was possible to reconstruct part of the chaîne opératoire (production sequence) from the recuperation of the material until its new use. This study thus reveals the diverse esthetic, technical and economic factors leading to reuse-recycling. It addresses questions concerning resource site ownership and the legal context surrounding these practices. The example of “choin de Fay” thus offers an opportunity to study the complexity of the practice of reuse-recycling.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03059325
Contributor : Hervé Chopin <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 28, 2020 - 5:27:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 3:10:46 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 6:48:06 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03059325, version 1

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Hervé Chopin, Charlotte Gaillard, Victoria Kilgallon, Anne Baud, Emmanuel Bernot, et al.. Les pratiques de récupération dans la construction : le remploi du « choin » de Fay à Lyon et à Vienne (Moyen Âge - Temps modernes). Revue archéologique de l'Est, Société archéologique de l’Est, 2020, 69 (192), pp.263-291. ⟨halshs-03059325⟩

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