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‘Fartres, rosoles, oblies’ : pains et gâteaux dans la littérature rabbinique médiévale

Abstract : The vernacular glosses in Hebrew characters (le’azim), as they appear in the manuscript Vat. Ebr. 183, preserved in the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (F 96r-116r), are particularly important for our knowledge of the food habits of the Jews in the Middle Ages. This text, which is a collection of short rabbinical decisions traditionally written in Hebrew, mentions the names of various types of food, cakes, fruits and vegetables, which are also to be found in Latin or vernacular texts; it also contains the names of some utensils used to prepare or cook the food. My aim, in this article, is to study these le’azim, by confronting them to other Jewish texts and to the works published from the Christian primary sources. This study will confirm the adoption of the local food habits by the Jewish communities and will contribute to better know the composition of certain dishes. Finally, beyond the linguistic and historic interest generated by the presence of these glosses, we shall note that the authors who inserted them did not seem indifferent about gastronomy.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03043048
Contributor : Judith Kogel <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 10:02:33 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:21:28 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03043048, version 1

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Judith Kogel. ‘Fartres, rosoles, oblies’ : pains et gâteaux dans la littérature rabbinique médiévale. Nourriture et changement social entre Occident et Orient, In press. ⟨halshs-03043048⟩

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