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Des cartes en situation d'incertitude : La controverse sur le Kamtchatka entre 1737 et 1738 comme révélateur d'une crise de la cartographie française

Nicolas Verdier 1
1 EHGO
GC (UMR_8504) - Géographie-cités
Abstract : Between 1737 and 1738, a controversy between Nicolas Belin, Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville and Louis Bertrand Castel was to develop in various French media. The subject was the comparison between several maps representing Kamchatka. What is at stake at this moment is the direct consequence of the poor knowledge of this region, while the public is asking for maps to understand the expeditions taking place there. Whatever they are, the maps are ultimately nothing more than hypotheses. The positive history of cartography clearly shows that cartography has lasting difficulty in representing little-known areas. However, the particularity of this case lies in the fact that it is made public far beyond scholarly circles. At the heart of the Age of Enlightenment, readers of newspapers, such as the Mercure de France, or the Mémoires de Trévoux, are informed that cartography is partly based on intuition, and not on accuracy, even among recognised geographers. It is on this fragility of the map that we will focus here, not only by looking at the stakes of this publicity, but also by placing it in the history of the coexistence of different types of cartography.
Mots-clés : EHGO COUV
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03033067
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 10:55:20 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03033067, version 1

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Nicolas Verdier. Des cartes en situation d'incertitude : La controverse sur le Kamtchatka entre 1737 et 1738 comme révélateur d'une crise de la cartographie française. Rytchalovsky E. (dir.). География эпохи Просвещения: между воображением и реальностью, Naouca, 2015. ⟨halshs-03033067⟩

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