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Justifications philosophiques du critère de fair innings et controverses

Abstract : Financing innovative and costly treatments in various therapeutic fields entail a number of problems in countries where costs are covered by public services. Providing these drugs is forcing actors to define the maximum sums of money society is willing to spend for given health improvements. This raises the question of whether maximum financing should vary according individuals’ circumstances, such as the rareness of a disease, lifestyles, social inequalities experienced over a life time, etc. This article examines a particular priority, namely that given to the youngest patients, such prioritising usually refers to the “fair innings argument” (FIA). We question what could justify such a prioritization criterion. Three arguments are considered. At first we consider that FIA could be justified by the objective of equalizing the opportunities of well-being. Next, we proposed justifying the fair innings argument with the aim of equalizing the time provided to individuals to achieve their plan of life, in accordance with Rawls's theory of justice as fairness. Finally, we proposed considering the FIA as being justified because of the goal of equalizing the time provided to individuals to accept death. These three arguments, of course, have many limitations, some of which we have highlighted. This article doesn’t aim to convince about the superiority of one argument over the other ones. We seek to contribute to the discussions which could happen on prioritization criteria regarding health care, by making explicit what could justify one specific criterion: the age criterion.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03031729
Contributor : Clémence Thébaut <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 3:51:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 8:21:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03031729, version 1

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Clémence Thebaut, Paul-Loup Weil-Dubuc, Jérôme Wittwer. Justifications philosophiques du critère de fair innings et controverses. 2020. ⟨halshs-03031729⟩

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