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Une proposition de relecture de deux mots de l’inscription arabe préislamique de Ḥarrān (568-569 ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : Among the pre-Islamic inscriptions which are in Arabic, in Arabic script and perfectly dated, that of Ḥarrān, south of present-day Syria. It is a bilingual Greek-Arabic inscription, dated 463 from the Roman province of Arabia (106 AD), corresponding to 568-569 AD. The date is given in Nabataean numerals in the Arabic part of the inscription. Since its decipherment by Dussaud and Macler (1903), the third and fourth words of the first line are read br/bn ẓlmw and interpreted as (Šarāḥīl) "son of Ẓālim". Yet, in Greek, we have (ΣΑΡΑΕΛΟΣ) ΤΑΛΕΜΟΥ/(SARAELOS) TALEMOU. ΟΥ- is clearly the genitive of filiation corresponding to br/bn ; -w is the suffix wāw what is found in the Arabic names of Nabataean inscriptions, as well as in some papyrus of the beginning of the Islamic era. We propose to read what is written as br ṭlmw (ṭ and ẓ are homographs in archaic Arabic script) and to see in this Bar Ṭālimū an Arabization of the Aramaic Bar Tâlmi ("son of Ptolemy", Bartholomew), a Christian name consistent with the building, a martyrium dedicated to a St. John.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03029528
Contributor : Pierre Larcher <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 28, 2020 - 4:22:19 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 29, 2020 - 3:24:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03029528, version 1

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Pierre Larcher, Philippe Cassuto. Une proposition de relecture de deux mots de l’inscription arabe préislamique de Ḥarrān (568-569 ap. J.-C.). Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales, Institut Français du Proche-Orient (IFPO), 2020, Nouveaux itinéraires épigraphiques d’Orient et d’Occident. Études dédiées à la mémoire de Solange Ory, sous la direction de Frédéric Imbert, 67, 2018-2019 [années de tomaison], pp.33-42. ⟨halshs-03029528⟩

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