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Quand le recensement comptait les Français musulmans

Abstract : At the end of the Second World War, many Algerians came to live in France, taking advantage of strong labour market demand but also (from 1946) of their newly acquired freedom of movement as citizens of the French Union. This migration worried the French authorities, who introduced a series of targeted and often discriminatory measures. One such measure was the identification of these populations in the census, the main source of statistical data on the population of France. In derogation of the law and the egalitarian principles applied in metropolitan France, INSEE applied in 1954 and 1962 a name-based method to identify Algerians present in France, who were widely categorized as ‘French Muslims of Algeria’ despite having a legal status identical to that of French natives. Statistics were thus compiled based on ethnicity and religion, unlike today’s standard census-taking practices.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 10:53:06 AM
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Angéline Escafré-Dublet, Lionel Kesztenbaum, Patrick Simon. Quand le recensement comptait les Français musulmans. Population et sociétés, INED, 2020, 2020/11 (583), pp.1-4. ⟨10.3917/popsoc.583.0001⟩. ⟨halshs-03021113⟩



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