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Ownership and solidarity to ward off the worrying future

Abstract : The future looks bleak with global warming and the growing inequalities denounced by many economists. In this context, housing is one of the elements that can help to ward off precariousness. In this respect, public policies display the provision of housing for all and support for energy saving in essentially technical and normative forms, disconnected from local contexts and socially badly accepted. The inclusion of housing, as a social fact, in the long term, continues to be ignored (Fayolle Lussac, 2020), despite stimulating inhabitant initiatives. This is what we want to show with regard to social housing complexes or condominiums in France. To this end, qualitative surveys of an ethno-architectural type have been carried out. They include interviews with the inhabitants and, through the exercise of the gaze (Laplantine, 1996) and the drawing of the survey (Pinson, 2015), apprehend their relationship to the dwelling through the material traces of occupation and improvement of the space. With this method, we can thus observe what the architect-anthropologist Philippe Bonnin calls the "continuous production" of the dwelling (Bonnin, 1994), that is, a set of concrete and structured acts, organized in a thoughtful way overtime, in order to stabilize an installation in time and space. The result is what might be called a "poïetic" of space, in the sense that the Greeks distinguished between praxis and poïesis. It translates into distributive adaptations, the introduction of furniture, equipment, colours and fabrics, the enhancement of personal objects, all of which conform to a way of life, but also by interventions favourable to the energy transition with the improvement of the thermal comfort of one's home. This type of initiative extends to common areas, both indoor and outdoor, with shared gardens, compost, coffee shops, community grocery stores and so on. Through them, a cooperative learning process is also forged in "good gestures", an "open-air laboratory" (Callon, Lascoumes, Barthe, 2002), which gives civil society the arguments for a healthy and useful pressure on the actors in charge of producing tomorrow's housing, in the sense of an indispensable ecological transition.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 9:16:33 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 2:14:03 PM
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Audrey Courbebaisse, Daniel Pinson. Ownership and solidarity to ward off the worrying future. RUNNING OUT OF TIME, IAPS (International Association People-Environnement Studies) 26th conference, Jun 2020, Quebec, Canada. ⟨halshs-03003046⟩



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