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La production céramique du Makran (Pakistan) à l’âge du Bronze ancien. Contribution à l’étude du peuplement ancien des régions indo-iraniennes

Abstract : Ceramics play an essential role in the knowledge of the protohistoric cultures of the Indo-Iranian regions, particularly in Pakistani Balochistan, which was one of the most innovative centres of pyrotechnological industries in the whole of Middle Asia. The pottery produced in abundance in this region is characterised by a high level of technical mastery, by an important morphological diversity and by a great iconographic richness, which lead us to consider them as privileged identity and chronological markers. The unpublished collections studied in this book were collected during the excavations and surveys carried out under the direction of Roland Besenval by the French archaeological mission in Makran (Southern Balochistan) between 1987 and 2006, with the support of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the collaboration of the Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Pakistan. The author discusses the specificities and evolutions of ceramic production during the Ancient Bronze Age (2800-2500 BC), a period of advanced innovation and craft specialization that preceded the development of the Indus civilization in the northwestern Indo-Pakistani subcontinent. The corpus analysed (more than 5,000 ceramic vessels from about 100 sites), of exceptional plastic quality, is treated according to three methodological approaches: spatial and chronological distribution, in-depth analysis of shapes and decorations, and macroscopic characterisation of ceramic bodies and certain technical features. The study also provides fundamental information on the socio-economic context and organisation of production and allows us to question the role of Kech-Makran in the "sphere of cultural and material interactions of the 3rd millennium" in Middle Asia. The pottery analysed is in continuation with the craft productions from the Chalcolithic period and shows links with the cultures of Central and Eastern Balochistan, the south-eastern Iranian Plateau and Southern Afghanistan. Certain categories of ceramics, produced in workshops discovered in the Dasht Plain (western Kech-Makran), are also significant witnesses to the understanding of exchanges with the Oman Peninsula.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02976809
Contributor : Aurore Didier <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:19:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 10:19:27 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02976809, version 1

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Aurore Didier. La production céramique du Makran (Pakistan) à l’âge du Bronze ancien. Contribution à l’étude du peuplement ancien des régions indo-iraniennes. De Boccard, 2013, Mémoires des Missions Archéologiques Françaises en Asie centrale et en Asie moyenne, 9782907431187. ⟨halshs-02976809⟩

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