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Market Heterogeneity and the Distributional Incidence of Soft-drink Taxes: Evidence from France

Abstract : Market heterogeneity may affect the distributional incidence of soft-drink taxes if households sortby income across markets with different characteristics. We use the Kantar Worldpanel homescandata to analyse the distributional incidence of the 2012 French soda tax on Exact Price Indices (EPIs)that measure consumer welfare from the price, availability and consumption of Sugar-SweetenedBeverages (SSBs) at a local market level. After correcting prices for consumer heterogeneity inpreferences, we find that the soda tax had a significant but small national average impact corres-ponding to a pass-through of approximately 40%. Producers and retailers set significantly higherpass-throughs in low-income, less-competitive and smaller markets and for cheaper but less popularbrands. Market heterogeneity ultimately has substantial distributional effects, as it accounts forapproximately 35% of the difference in welfare variation between low- and high-income consumers.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02973087
Contributor : Caroline Bauer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 7:41:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:09:09 AM

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Fabrice Etilé, Sebastien Lecocq, Christine Boizot-Szantai. Market Heterogeneity and the Distributional Incidence of Soft-drink Taxes: Evidence from France. European Review of Agricultural Economics, Oxford University Press (OUP), In press, ⟨10.1093/erae/jbaa025⟩. ⟨halshs-02973087⟩

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