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Le jeu des six différences ? Comparer les nations florentines et catalanes à Pise dans la seconde moitié du XIVe siècle

Abstract : In the second half of the fourteenth century, Pisa was a famously cosmopolitan city. External influences, however, are difficult to establish because of the fragmented nature of the Pisan archives, although there is evidence of fiscal exemptions for newcomers that suggest a marked rise in immigration in the 1370s and 1380s. An examination of Catalan archives and those from the Florentine Mercanzia allows us to bypass the lack of information in the Pisan archives and to reconstruct the precise situation of the Catalan and Florentine merchant nations, whose destinies were closely tied because they had built commercial relationships with one another as well as with Pisa. Moreover, they settled in the very same area of the city, their consuls came from the same Pisan families from the elite merchant popolo (Gambacorta, Dell’Agnello, Bonconti, etc.), and the structures of their internal organization had great similarities: their logge are in the very same building (palazzo Gambacorta). While the Florentine merchants had more commercial privileges, the size of their community is almost impossible to determine, whereas the Catalan community would have included around twenty highly mobile people in the 1380s.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02969528
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Submitted on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 4:22:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:21 AM

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Quertier Cédric. Le jeu des six différences ? Comparer les nations florentines et catalanes à Pise dans la seconde moitié du XIVe siècle. Mélanges de l’École française de Rome - Moyen Âge, École française de Rome, 2017, Pise de la Peste Noire à la conquête florentine (1348-1406). Nouvelles orientations pour l’histoire d’une société en crise (dossier), Sylvie Duval, Alma Poloni, Cédric Quertier (dir.), 129-1, pp.61-83. ⟨10.4000/mefrm.3472⟩. ⟨halshs-02969528⟩

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