A. E. Ansell, Race and Ethnicity. The Key Concepts, 2013.

M. Aung-htin, Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism, 1959.

J. L. Austin, How to Do Things with Words, Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. The Social Organization of Culture Difference, pp.9-38, 1962.

P. &. Berger and T. Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality. A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge, 1966.

L. Bernot, Voyage dans les sciences humaines, Qui sont les autres? Paris: Presses Universitaires Paris-Sorbonne, 2001.

D. &. Bernot and . Lucien, Contribution à la linguistique et à l'ethnographie des Intha (Birmanie), Asie du Sud-Est et Monde Insulindien, vol.3, issue.3, pp.1-26, 1972.

L. &. Bernot and M. Bruneau, Une population lacustre: Les Intha du Lac Inlé (États Shan du Sud, Birmanie), Journal d'Agriculture Traditionnelle et de Botanique Appliquée, vol.19, pp.402-441, 1972.

F. Boas, Introduction, Handbook of American Indian Languages (BAEB 40, pt. I), edited by Franz Boas, pp.1-83, 1911.

P. Bourdieu, Esquisse d'une théorie de la pratique, 1972.

P. Bourdieu, Langage et pouvoir symbolique, 2001.

B. Brac-de-la-perrière, La fête de Taunbyon: le grand rituel du culte des naq de Birmanie (Myanmar), vol.79, pp.201-232, 1992.

D. Bradley, The subgrouping of Tibeto-Burman, Medieval Tibeto-Burman Languages, pp.73-112, 2002.

R. Brubaker, Ethnicity without Groups, 2004.

R. Brubaker, Grounds for Difference, 2015.

B. Rogers and C. Frederick, Theory and Society, vol.29, issue.1, pp.1-47, 2000.

K. Burke, Language as Symbolic Action. Essays on Life, Literature, and Method, 1966.

M. W. Charney, Buddhist Literati and the Throne in Burma's Last Dynasty, pp.1752-1885, 2009.

. Chomsky, Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton, 1957.

A. Chun, From 6ationalism to 6ationalizing. Cultural Imagination and State Formation in Postwar Taiwan, Chinese ;ationalism, pp.126-173, 1996.

A. Chun and . ???, ?????: ?????????????????? [Ji?gòu zh?ngguóxìng: Lùn zúqún yìshí zuòwéi wénhuà zuòwéi rèntóng zh? àimèi bùmíng, ???????? Taiwan: A Radical Quarterly in Social Sciences, vol.33, pp.103-131, 1999.

A. Chun, On the Geopolitics of Identity, Anthropological Theory, vol.9, issue.3, pp.331-349, 2009.

W. Connor, Beyond Reason. The 6ature of Ethnonational Bond, Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol.16, pp.373-89, 1993.

G. Cowlishaw, Rednecks, Eggheads, and Blackfellas: A Study of Racial Power and Intimacy in Australia, 1999.

R. M. Dilley, The Problem of Context. Perspectives from Social Anthropology and Elsewhere, 1999.

A. Duranti, Linguistic Anthropology in a Western Samoan Village, 1994.

A. Duranti, Linguistic Anthropology, 1997.

É. Durkheim, Les Règles de la méthode sociologique, 1895.

J. Enfield, The Theory of Cultural Logic. How Individuals Combine Social Intelligence with Semiotics to Create and Maintain Cultural Meaning, Cultural Dynamics, vol.12, issue.1, pp.35-64, 2000.

J. Enfield, Language and Culture, Handbook of Contemporary Applied Linguistics, pp.83-97, 2009.

J. Enfield, Relationship Thinking. Agency, Enchrony, and Human Sociality, 2013.

J. Enfield and C. Levinson-stephen, Introduction: Human Sociality as a 6ew Interdisciplinary Field, Roots of Human Sociality. Culture, Cognition and Interaction, pp.1-35, 2006.

M. C. Enriquez and . Metcalfe, Races of Burma. Delhi: Manager of Publications. Evans, Grant. 1993. "Introduction, pp.1-29, 1933.

P. Fistié, La Birmanie ou la quête de l'unité. Le problème de la cohésion nationale dans la Birmanie contemporaine et sa perspective historique, 1985.

W. A. Foley, Anthropological Linguistics. An Introduction, 1997.

P. J. Geary, The Myth of ;ations. The Medieval Origins of Europe, 2003.

C. Geertz, From the 6ative's Point of View: On the 6ature of Anthropological Understanding, Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol.28, issue.1, pp.26-45, 1974.

P. Gleason, Identify Identity: A Semantic History, Journal of American History, vol.69, issue.4, pp.910-941, 1983.

C. Goodwin, Human sociality as mutual orientation in a rich interactive environment: Multimodal utterances and pointing in aphasia, Roots of Human Sociality. Culture, Cognition, and Interaction, pp.97-125, 2006.

G. Charles-&-duranti and A. , Rethinking context: an introduction, Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, pp.1-42, 1992.

M. Gluckman, Analysis of a Social Situation in Modern Zululand, 1958.

U. Hannerz, Cultural Complexity. Studies in the Social Organization of Meaning, 1992.

M. E. Harkin, Ethnohistory's Ethnohistory. Creating a Discipline from the Ground Up, Social Science History, vol.34, issue.2, pp.113-141, 2010.

F. V. Harrison, The Persistent Power of "Race" in the Cultural and Political Economy of Racism, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.24, pp.47-74, 1995.

G. Harvey and . Eric, The Beginning of the English Conquest. 6ew Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1824.

H. Von, Wilhelm. 1823. über das Entstehen der grammatischen Formen und ihren Einfluß auf die Ideenentwicklung

D. H. Hymes, The Ethnography of Speaking, Anthropology and Human Behavior, pp.13-53, 1962.

, 1972. Reinventing Anthropology. 6ew York: Random House

D. H. Hymes, Foundations in Sociolinguistics. An Ethnographic Approach, 1974.

C. F. Keyes, Towards a 6ew Formulation of the Concept of Ethnic Group, Ethnicity, vol.3, pp.202-213, 1976.

P. Kockelman, The semiotic stance, Semiotica, vol.157, issue.1/4, pp.233-304, 2005.

P. Kockelman, Language, Culture, and Mind. ;atural Constructions and Social Kinds, 2010.

P. Kockelman, Agent, Person, Subject, Self. A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure, 2013.

S. Krech, The State of Ethnohistory, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.20, pp.345-75, 1991.

W. Labov, Sociolinguistic Patterns, 1972.

R. Layton, An Introduction to Theory in Anthropology, 1997.

E. R. Leach, Political Systems of Highland Burma. A Study of Kachin Social Structure, 1954.

S. C. Levinson, Comment on Everett 'Cultural constraints on Pirahã grammar, Current Anthropology, vol.46, pp.637-645, 2005.

C. Lévi-strauss, Structures élémentaires de la parenté, 1949.

C. Lévi-strauss, Anthropologie structural, 1958.

V. B. Lieberman, Burmese Administrative Cycles. Anarchy and Conquest, c. 1580-1760, 1984.

V. Lieberman, Strange Parallels. Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800-1830, Integration on the Mainland, vol.1, 2003.

C. C. Lowis, The Tribes of Burma. Rangoon: Office of the Superintendent, Government Printing, 1919.

B. Malinowski, In The Meaning of Meaning. A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism, pp.296-336, 1923.

B. Malinowski, Coral Gardens and their Magic. II.-The Language of Magic and Gardening, 1935.

B. Malinowski, Argonauts of the Western Pacific. An Account of ;ative Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian ;ew Guinea, 1922.

. Maung-khun-6way-q:l%y-"\-5y-¥\-;y-i-`hha-;-i-6bm-É-w-;-j-<5y-!é-5y-i-&lq6@m, The 'Actors' of Modern Society. The Cultural Construction of Social Agency, Sociological Theory, vol.18, issue.1, pp.100-120, 1992.

L. Milne, Shans at Home. With Two Chapters on Shan History and Literature by, 1910.

. Myanmar-language-commission, 5Y :L&LB9M 45Y B!ZEY W"ZO6Y

. <5y-!é-5y-i&lb7r-\-v-j,

M. Maung and U. %y-v-q:l%y-fw-i-;-hgc-i-b%y-w-q=w-;-j-<5y-!é-5y-i-&lq68m, , 1984.

J. Ling, History of Scientific Thought, vol.II, 1956.

Y. 6ishi, Four Papers on Burmese. Toward the History of Burmese (Myanmar Language). Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures, 1999.

J. Okell, A case of systematic adaptation to a foreign grammar and syntax, Journal of the Burma Research Society, vol.50, issue.1, pp.95-120, 1967.

J. Okell, A Reference Grammar of Colloquial Burmese, 1969.

F. Pain, An Introduction to Thai Ethnonymy. Examples from Shan and 6orthern Thai, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol.128, issue.4, pp.641-662, 2008.

F. Pain, Towards a Panchronic Perspective on a Diachronic Issue. The Rhyme <uiw> in Old Burmese, Australian Journal of Linguistics, vol.37, issue.4, pp.424-64, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01009543

F. Pain, A semiotic approach to 'ethnicity'. An example from Taiwanese 'Chineseness', Asian Ethnicity, vol.19, issue.4, pp.528-577, 2018.

F. Pain, Ethnodiachrony, Buddhism, and Ethnicity. An Anthropological Approach to Khmer Dialectology, International Journal of Language and Culture, vol.6, issue.2, pp.305-50, 2019.

F. Pain, Br?hma?a' as an honorific in 'Indianized' mainland Southeast Asia: a linguistic approach, Bulletin of the School of the Oriental and African Studies, vol.82, issue.1, pp.111-152, 2019.

T. Parsons, Societies. Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives, 1966.

P. Maung-tin, &. Luce, and G. H. , The Glass Palace Chronicle of the Kings of Myanmar, 1923.

U. Kala and . =lwfw-i-`gbf, 5Y 55Y W:@L<L(_%Y Q1LÝ!N Wj <5Y !É 5Y iQ1LY >%Y, 1837.

P. Pichard, Ancient Burmese Monasteries, The Buddhist Monastery. A Cross-Cultural Survey, pp.59-74, 2003.

F. Robinne, Les immigrés intha, la transhumance des buffles et la circumnavigation bouddhique du Lac Inlé, État shan de Birmanie, Études birmanes en hommage à Denise Bernot, pp.332-370, 1998.

F. Robinne, A Case Study of the Interethnic Relationships in the Southern Shan State, Turbulent Times and Enduring Peoples, pp.151-63, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01866907

F. Robinne, Fils et maîtres du Lac. Relations interethniques dans l'État Shan de Birmanie, 2000.

F. Robinne, The Monastic Unity. A Contemporary Burmese Artefact?, The Buddhist Monastery. A Cross-Cultural Survey, pp.75-92, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00334262

F. Robinne, Presence and use of the Burmese legend heritage in the dynamic of inter-ethnic supremacy and trans-ethnic partnership (South Shan State), Interethnic Dynamics in Asia, pp.167-181, 2009.

. Sai-aung-tun, History of the Shan State. From its origin to 1962, 2009.

B. San-san-myin-&amp;5y-w&amp;5y-w-;-i and . Wq&lt;w, %Y V i `hhg, vol.2, pp.61-96, 1998.

E. Sapir, Journal de Psychologie ;ormale et Pathologique, vol.30, pp.247-65, 1933.

E. Sapir, The Psychology of Culture. A Course of Lectures, 1994.

F. De-saussure, , 1916.

S. Percy, Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States in Five Volumes. Part I -Volume I. Rangoon: The Superintendent, Government Printing, 1900.

E. Schegloff, Between Macro and Micro. Contexts and Other Connections, The Micro-Macro Link, pp.207-244, 1987.

S. Yoe,

M. Silverstein, Shifters, Linguistic Categories, and Cultural Description, Meaning in Anthropology, pp.11-55, 1976.

P. Simms and S. , The Kingdoms of Laos. Six Hundred Years of History, 1999.

S. Anthony and D. , Sacred Sources of ;ational Identity, 2003.

R. T. Smith, On the disutility of the notion of 'ethnic group' for understanding status struggles in the modern world, 1993.

W. Sollors, Ethnic Groups/ Ethnicity: Historical Aspects, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol.7, pp.4813-4817, 2001.

M. E. Spiro, Burmese Supernaturalism. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1978.

M. E. Spiro, Buddhism and Society. A Great Tradition and Its Burmese Vicissitude, 1982.

S. J. Tambiah, The Magical Power of Words, Man, vol.3, issue.2, pp.175-208, 1968.

S. J. Tambiah, World Conqueror and World Renouncer. A Study of Buddhism and Polity in Thailand against a Historical Background, 1976.

. &lt;5y-!é-5y-i-g&lt;l&gt;1n-&amp;l6é-u-¥]-m-6y-1m-É-!y-j, <LQ1L) i [1986] `hge i Q7K%Y Q1LY FW9É <LW

R. H. Taylor, The State in, 1987.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00522384

T. Michael-&amp;-call and . Josep, Primate Cognition, 1997.

M. Topley, Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore. Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money, 2011.

P. Trudgill, Sex, covert prestige and linguistic change in the urban British English of 6orwich, A History of the Phaung Daw U Pagoda"]. 5:V @Ê ±\ Lj U Tin 1%Y FWi [2001] a__` i [:5Y :L:%Y WBÉ 6Y "Zè6É U &L1:Y i62:6É M %Y Wi The Royal Administration of Burma. Part One, vol.1, pp.179-95, 1972.

B. Ward, Through Other Eyes. An Anthropologist's View of Hong Kong, 1985.

M. Weber, General Economic History. 6ew York: Greenberg, 1927.

A. Wierzbicka, Does language reflect culture? Evidence from Australian English, Language in Society, vol.15, pp.349-74, 1986.

E. R. Wolf, Europe and the People without History, 1982.

D. K. Wyatt, Thailand. A Short History. 6ew Haven, 1981.

. ????????????-?-?, Ajia afurika gengo bunka kenky?, Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol.21, pp.154-187

. Yang and . Ch&apos;ing-k&apos;un, Religion in Chinese Society. A Study of Contemporary Social Functions and some of their Historical Factors, 1967.

H. Yule, 1858. A ;arrative of the Mission Sent by the Governor-General of India to the Court of Ava in 1855, With ;otices of the Country, Government, and People