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La figuration du Zodiaque dans le lieu ecclésial comme mise en image(s) des rapports entre ciel et terre

Abstract : During the Early Middle Ages, the Zodiac became gradually a synthetic image of the cosmos and a reflection of the divine order. Closely related to the circle in different ways and associated with a symbolic number, signs of the Zodiac were used in liturgical manuscripts in order to signifying order and as landmarks in both time and space. The 12th century is witnessing the rise of this iconographic theme in an ecclesial context, whether or not associated with Labors of the months. Through several examples, it’s about dealing how the signs of the Zodiac can depict the relationship between heaven and earth. After observing the location and arrangement of the zodiacal figures in an ecclesial context, we seek to show that, in particular on the threshold of the church, the twelve signs of heaven refer to and give access to the Porta coeli. In addition to major iconographic themes, such as the Ascension, the Assumption and even the Last Judgment, the Zodiac highlights transitions and contacts between heaven and earth. Through many examples, we also highlight a certain re-semantization of the signs of the Zodiac from a Christian perspective, without this phenomenon being homogeneous or systematic. It thus appears that the signs of the Zodiac make it possible to think in images of a process of transitus and the meeting between heaven and earth in the ecclesial place.
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Contributor : Vanessa Ernst-Maillet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 10:48:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 12:26:03 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02953424, version 1



Angélique Ferrand. La figuration du Zodiaque dans le lieu ecclésial comme mise en image(s) des rapports entre ciel et terre. Les Cahiers de Saint-Michel de Cuxa, Abbaye de Saint-Michel de Cuxa, 2020, L'image à l'époque romane, 51, pp.115-128. ⟨halshs-02953424⟩



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