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Les formes de la vie commune dans les chapitres italiens de la première moitié du XIe siècle

Abstract : When it comes to Early Middle Ages, literature tends to associate canons with common life, and even to define those referred to as canonici in the sources as clerics living a community life, and therefore distinct from the rest of the clergy. This association derives from the great Carolingian normative texts, first of all the institutio canonicorum from 816, which required that those “canonical clerics” lived a common life. But what was the actual situation on the ground some two centuries after the carolingian redefinition of the vita canonica? Did those communities identified as canonical practice the common life on the eve of the Gregorian reform? And if so, in what form? This issue is more often than not hard to answer for that period, because of data scarcity and imprecision. Italian archives, however, given their richness, allow a more precise grasp of the concrete modalities of the common life in the main urban canonicae (cathedral chapter and of collegiate churches). Those cases, presumably reflecting similar phenomena more difficult to observe in other European regions, show that the way of life followed by canons in the Italian kingdom’s was very heterogeneous in the first half of the 11th c. ; and thus despite the attempts of several bishops of the 980’s-1040’s to reinforce communal life in their churches. A range and gradation of practices appear according to location, revealing different views of the common life and of its importance or lack thereof for the clergy’s elevation and the service of the community of the faithful.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 28, 2020 - 3:05:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:10:32 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02951142, version 1



Emilie Kurdziel. Les formes de la vie commune dans les chapitres italiens de la première moitié du XIe siècle. Anne Massoni et Maria Amélia Campos. La vie communautaire et le service à la communauté. L’exemple canonial et ses répercussions dans le monde laïc (Europe Occidentale, du XIe au XVe siècle), 19, Publicações do Cidehus, n.p., 2020, Biblioteca - Estudos & Colóquios, 9791036558641. ⟨halshs-02951142⟩



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