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Mobilités quotidiennes des résidents des quartiers prioritaires en France : l'influence des unités urbaines

Abstract : There are several ways of measuring daily mobility behaviors. Depending on the chosen criteria, the low mobility of residents in poor neighborhoods is not self-evident. In France, in reality, residents of poor neighborhoods spend as much time as residents of others neighborhoods on their travel. And they leave their homes as many times a day. They are therefore mobile even if they go less far. They just move slower. We explore the mobility of the inhabitants of so-called QPV (in french) poor neighborhoods through a unified Cerema Certified Mobility Survey (EMC²). The challenge is to offer a new point of view by comparing the QPV in different sizes of urban units. The aim is to understand whether the possible differences in mobility are greater within the same urban area (whether people live in a QPV or outside) or between the districts belonging to different urban area size units. It turns out that the urban area size unit where there is relative equality (i.e. small differences in the level of mobility between neighborhoods) are those where car use is the lowest. Reducing the difference in driving access does not mean increasing access to cars by residents of priority neighborhoods, but decreasing that of residents of other neighborhoods. Our analysis shows that there is real heterogeneity in mobility practices in priority neighborhoods according to urban sizes. It is therefore not possible to disregard the specificities of each territory in order to define a mobility policy able to improve the situation of the inhabitants of these districts.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02950998
Contributor : Cyprien Richer <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 28, 2020 - 2:09:39 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 6:13:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02950998, version 1

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Nicolas Juste, Joël Meissonnier, Cyprien Richer. Mobilités quotidiennes des résidents des quartiers prioritaires en France : l'influence des unités urbaines. Canadian Journal of Regional Science, Canadian Regional Science Association, 2020, 43 (2), pp.20-31. ⟨halshs-02950998⟩

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