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La fiction posthumaniste - Michel Houellebecq -

Abstract : This paper deals with French posthumanist fiction, namely two novels written by Michel Houellebecq, The Elementary Particles (1998) and The Possibility of an Island (2005). In order to explain the context that produces posthumanist fiction, I begin by presenting the difference between posthumanism and transhumanism (one of the many contemporary currents of posthumanism). Transhumanism feeds on science fiction literature that had invented the concepts used nowadays by transhumanists (cyborg, cyberspace, hacker, android and artificial intelligence, etc.). Science fiction precedes transhumanism and it is then the latter that feeds posthumanist fiction. The purpose of my paper is to demonstrate that posthumanist literature constitutes a separate category that - even if it feeds on science fiction, as well as on dystopia - has its own writing codes. The two novels of Michel Houellebecq offer an emblematic example of such “speculative critical fictions”.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 1:30:42 PM
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Mara Magda Maftei. La fiction posthumaniste - Michel Houellebecq -. 2020. ⟨halshs-02948086⟩

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