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Integrative psychotherapy and psychotherapy integration: The case of EMDR

Abstract : EMDR therapy has received international recognition as a treatment of choice for posttraumatic stress disorder and is gaining increasing acknowledgment for other applications. This paper aims to explore whether EMDR therapy is best seen as set of techniques and procedures that may be flexibly integrated within an eclectic or otherwise focused therapy practice drawing upon several methods (EMDR as an integrable method), or as a comprehensive and distinct psychotherapy approach that must be used in its entirety to be optimally effective (EMDR as an integrative and comprehensive psychotherapy). To answer this question, the discussion is situated within the general movement toward psychotherapy integration and the main characteristics of EMDR are explored (the adaptive information processing [AIP] model, the eight-phased approach, the three-pronged protocol, the bilateral or dual attention stimulation) while considering its potential mediators, moderators, and mechanisms of action. These elements are examined to determine if they appear to be unique and idiosyncratic, and whether they may hinder or prevent the integration of EMDR procedures or techniques with other treatment modalities. In conclusion, it is argued that the individual therapist plays a central role in answering this paperʼs question and that EMDR may be applied advantageously as a flexible, integrable method, as a comprehensive, stand-alone psychotherapy approach, and as an integrative psychotherapy approach that may successfully combine its theoretical and practical components with those of other forms of psychotherapy.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02944292
Contributor : Jenny Ann Rydberg <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 1:07:36 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 4:20:03 PM

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Jenny Ann Rydberg, Juliette Machado. Integrative psychotherapy and psychotherapy integration: The case of EMDR. European Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 2020, 4 (3), pp.100165. ⟨10.1016/j.ejtd.2020.100165⟩. ⟨halshs-02944292⟩

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