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Entre affiliations ethniques, ordre colonial et construction nationale : les Maya du Belize, XVIII-XX e siècles

Abstract : The article proposes a political - territorial history of the south of Belize in the 18-19-20th centuries. It shows how the various Mayan spatialities result of options historically and spatially situated, taken for the different actors, and how these options are articulated depending on the opportunities (political and economic) and on the resources available in every moment. To the spatial colonial order imposed at the end of the 19th century, we don’t find an univocal indian territoriality nor a Mayan unified resistance, but territorial strategies that were changing depending on the contexts : here the defense of the urban plot (in the western part), there of the agricultural land (in the northern part), there finally of the ancestral maya territory (in the southern part). In different contexts, the colonial state politics confront with strategies and even resistances that expressed to diverse levels, internal and external to the maya group indian, feeding a debate that is linked to wider political projects : the consolidation of the colonial power and, today, the construction of an independent multicultural nation.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02932849
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 8, 2020 - 1:25:52 AM
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Odile Hoffmann. Entre affiliations ethniques, ordre colonial et construction nationale : les Maya du Belize, XVIII-XX e siècles. Cahiers de l'URMIS, Unité de recherches « Migrations et société » Université Côte d'Azur, 2019, Aux frontières de l'Autre : territoire et appartenance en question, ⟨10.4000/urmis.1690⟩. ⟨halshs-02932849⟩

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