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Historical and linguistic perspectives on fortified settlements in south-eastern Wallacea: Far eastern Timor in the context of southern Maluku

Abstract : The remains of fortified settlements in far eastern Timor have attracted the attention of archaeologists and led to speculation regarding the underlying drivers of fortification. In this paper, I draw attention to the fact that fortified settlements were not a localised development in far eastern Timor, but in fact are characteristic of a large swathe of southern Maluku. Using evidence from the historical record and from language, I contend that fortified settlement-building cannot be attributed to particular climatic or socioeconomic conditions but is best understood as a cultural feature diffused on a regional level.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02930377
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Antoinette Schapper. Historical and linguistic perspectives on fortified settlements in south-eastern Wallacea: Far eastern Timor in the context of southern Maluku. Sue O'Connor; Andrew McWilliam; Sally Brockwell. Forts and fortification in Wallacea: Archaeological and ethnohistoric investigations, Australian National University Press, 2020, 9781760463892. ⟨halshs-02930377⟩

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