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Des galets dans la bouche. La construction de la figure de l'orateur dans les discours judiciaires de l'Athènes classique

Abstract : According to Plutarch, Demosthenes had serious speech problems at the beginning of his career that led him to practice a whole range of exercises, such as speaking with stones in his mouth. Even if these difficulties and efforts were considered authentic in the 19th century and by some contemporary historians, we can re-examine those topics from the speeches of Demosthenes himself. He insists on the weakness of his voice, but he is also very critical of any training, especially that of his opponent Aeschines, whose purpose would be to deceive the jurors. Moreover, Demosthenes is not the only “important man” of the 4th century to have this point of view. Lack of rhetorical skill and extemporaneous speech are in fact elements of the truth-telling mechanism set up in the forensic speeches: thanks to these patterns, orators can claim to take place on the side of truth and place their adversaries on the side of deception.
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Nicolas Siron. Des galets dans la bouche. La construction de la figure de l'orateur dans les discours judiciaires de l'Athènes classique. Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2019, pp.213-221. ⟨halshs-02927559⟩

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