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Les conceptions de la justice sociale en Europe. Le cas de l’accès aux études supérieures

Abstract : Higher education systems in developed countries face a contradictory injunction: to select students while maintaining a relative openness of opportunities. In order to respond simultaneously to these two somehow opposing goals, the four countries studied in this article (Germany, England, France, Sweden) are developing a variety of social justice solutions. By analysing the public action mechanisms for access to higher education, we show that the countries are divided into two dimensions: their conception of merit—on which criteria are students selected?—and the mechanisms for compensating selection—how is a relative openness of opportunities maintained despite selection? The article leads to a typology of the implicit conceptions of social justice in higher education systems and invites to question their recent dynamics.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02924886
Contributor : Karine Jenart <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 28, 2020 - 2:46:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 2, 2021 - 10:38:01 AM

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Nicolas Charles, Romain Delès. Les conceptions de la justice sociale en Europe. Le cas de l’accès aux études supérieures. Année Sociologique, Presses Universitaires de France, 2020, Sélections dans l’enseignement supérieur et sens de la justice, 70 (2), pp.313-336. ⟨10.3917/anso.202.0313⟩. ⟨halshs-02924886⟩

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