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Economic and Industrial Issues in France's Approach to the German Question in the Post-War Period

Abstract : Evaluating French policies toward Germany during the Allied occupation period after the war has long been difficult because of both countries' sensitivity toward economic and industrial issues. These aspects were seldom studied apart from their negative consequences in the French Zone of Occupation (ZFO). This contribution aims to review the existing research and knowledge on France's postwar economic policies toward Germany from the wartime Free France projects up to 1955. It will highlight the importance of economic issues, which were far from being secondary for France. If a certain number of facts and explanations have long been established, recent historiography has enhanced the understanding of this policy area in the context of the beginnings of the Cold War. Studying the economic aspects of France's attitude toward postwar Germany necessitates a multiple approach. Such an approach must cover France's economic policies in relation to Germany, the economic problems related to the national and European reconstruction and its interferences with the Marshall Plan, the policy regarding control of Germany in the context of the Allied occupation-necessarily a policy of compromise-as well as the more autonomous economic policy practiced in the ZFO. This involves multiple, more or less autonomous scales of 1. This contribution is complementary to Rainer Hudemann's contribution in this volume, which also covers the general historiography.
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Françoise Berger. Economic and Industrial Issues in France's Approach to the German Question in the Post-War Period. Frédéric Bozo, Christian Wenkel. France and the German Question, 1945-1990, Berghahn, 2019, 978-1-78920-226-7. ⟨halshs-02921196⟩

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