Service interruption on Monday 11 July from 12:30 to 13:00: all the sites of the CCSD (HAL, Epiciences, SciencesConf, AureHAL) will be inaccessible (network hardware connection).
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Madness and Spiritualist Philosophy of Mind: Maine de Biran and A. A. Royer-Collard on a “True Dualism”

Abstract : The exchange between the philosopher Pierre Maine de Biran and the psychiatrist Antoine-Athanase Royer-Collard has been read either as an exemplary case of the influence of philosophy on medicine or as a dialogue of the deaf. However, these two readings imply a clear distribution of roles between the philosopher and the doctor. This article, instead, examines the metaphysical nature of the discussion between the two spiritualists in their aim to establish a "true spiritualism" from a common problem: the nature of madness. Based on a constellation analysis of Biran's Nouvelles considérations sur les rapports du Physique et du Moral and Royer-Collard's 1821 lecture on this manuscript, the article shows that both thinkers are concerned with the most appropriate form of dualism, and with how it is possible to establish a relationship between the two fundamental aspects of man-the physical and moral-without denaturing each of them. Paradoxically, the analysis makes manifest a reversal of roles: whereas Biran has a static conception of dualism leading to an organic conception of madness, Royer-Collard demands a dynamic dualism that makes it possible to conceive a causal role for the mind in madness.
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Samuel Lézé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, August 8, 2020 - 4:08:28 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:10:42 AM



Samuel Lézé. Madness and Spiritualist Philosophy of Mind: Maine de Biran and A. A. Royer-Collard on a “True Dualism”. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2020, ⟨10.1080/09608788.2020.1801381⟩. ⟨halshs-02913384⟩



Record views