J. Sargent, M. Bell, R. Henderson, and D. Tocher, Polyunsaturated fatty acids in marine and terrestrial food websAnimal nutrition and transport processes, vol.1, pp.11-23, 1990.

N. Munuswamy, J. Mertens, D. Walsche, C. Dumont, and H. , Lipid classes and fatty acid profiles in cryptobiotic cysts of Streptocephalus dichotomus and Streptocephalus proboscideus (Crustacea: Anostraca) Hydrobiologia, vol.2311, pp.65-68, 1992.

C. Velu and N. Munuswamy, Nutritional evaluation of decapsulated cysts of fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus dichotomus) for ornamental fish larval rearing, Aquaculture Research, vol.3411, pp.967-974, 2003.

L. Sanoamuang and N. Saengphan, A new species of Streptocephalus fairy shrimp (Crustacea Anostraca) with tetrahedral cysts from central, Thailand International Review of Hydrobiology, vol.91, issue.3, pp.250-256, 2006.

T. Nguyen, V. Nguyen, V. Stappen, G. Sorgeloos, and P. , Effect of different supplemental feeds on proximate composition and Artemia biomass production in salt ponds, Aquaculture, vol.286, pp.217-225, 2009.

W. Dararat, K. Lomthaisong, and L. Sanoamuang, Biochemical composition of three species of fairy shrimp (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) from, Thailand Journal of Crustacean Biology, vol.321, pp.81-87, 2012.

S. Shu, A. Maeda-martinez, D. Rogers, Y. J. Chen, and X. , Morphological characterization of Streptocephalus sirindhornae (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) from South East Asia: first record of the Streptocephalidae from, China Zootaxa, vol.3911, issue.3, pp.447-450, 2015.

D. Belk and J. Brtek, Checklist of the Anostraca Studies on Large Branchiopod Biology and Aquaculture II, pp.315-353, 1995.

D. Rogers, W. Thaimuangphol, N. Saengphan, and L. Sanoamuang, Current knowledge of the South East Asian large branchiopod Crustacea (Anostraca Notostraca Laevicaudata Spinicaudata Cyclestherida, Journal of Limnology, vol.72, issue.s2, p.5, 2013.

E. Paujiah, D. Solihin, and R. Affandi, , vol.132, pp.133-143, 2013.

S. Hodizah, Doctoral dissertation FKIP UNPAS, 2016.

O. Lea, Struktur Komunitas Organisme Akuatik Pada Ekosistem Perairan Menggenang Mengalir Dan Estuari Laporan Struktur Komunitas MSP-IPB Bogor, 2016.

K. Vaas, Merkwaardige lagere kreeften De Tropische Natuur, vol.32, issue.4, pp.131-133, 1952.

M. Sachlan, Kemungkinan "huhurangan" sebagai hama ikan (Streptocephalus javanensis Brehm) Balai Penjelidikan Perikanan Darat Laboratorium Perikanan Darat Bogor, 1957.

H. Handajani and S. Samsundari, , 2005.

, Budi Daya Ikan Jilid 1 untuk SMK Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Gusrina, 2008.

, Genetika dan Reproduksi Ikan Deepublish, 2018.

K. Perangin-angin, Teknik Pembenihan Ikan 1 Kementerian Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan Nasional, 2013.

J. Brtek and G. Mura, Revised key to families and genera of the anostraca with notes on their geographical distribution Crustaceana, pp.1037-1088, 2000.

P. Weekers, G. Murugan, J. Vanfleteren, D. Belk, and H. Dumont, Phylogenetic analysis of anostracans (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) inferred from nuclear 18S ribosomal DNA 18S rDNA) sequences, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol.25, issue.3, pp.535-544, 2002.

B. Timms, A revised identification guide to the fairy shrimps (Crustacea: Anostraca: Anostracina) of Australia Museum Victoria, Science Reports, vol.19, 2015.

J. Brtek and A. Thiéry, The geographic distribution of the European branchiopods (Anostraca, Notostraca, spinicaudata, Laevicaudata) Studies on Large Branchiopod Biology and Aquaculture II, pp.263-280, 1995.

, Ecological intensification: A new paragon for sustainable aquaculture IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol.521, p.12026, 2020.

H. Dumont, M. J. , and M. , Historical biogeography and morphological differentiation of Streptocephalus torvicornis (Waga) since the Würm IIIglaciation Hydrobiologia, pp.281-286, 1995.

V. Brehm, Ein neuer Streptocephalus aus Indonesien (Streptocephalus javanensis n sp) Sitzungsberichte der Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Klasse, vol.164, pp.249-254, 1955.

W. Moore, New world fairy shrimps of the genus Streptocephalus, Branchiopoda Anostraca) The Southwestern Naturalist, vol.111, pp.24-48, 1966.

H. Dumont and N. Munuswamy, The potential of freshwater Anostraca for technical applications Live Food in Aquaculture, pp.193-197, 1997.

H. Dumont and A. , Stage-specific cannibalism and spontaneous cyst hatching in the freshwater fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus Frauenfeld Hydrobiologia, vol.5241, pp.103-113, 2004.

D. Belk, Key to the Anostraca (fairy shrimps) of North America The Southwestern Naturalist, pp.91-103, 1975.

L. Brendonck, G. Uyttersprot, and G. Persoone, A culture system for fairy shrimps, Crustacea Anostraca) Aquacultural engineering, vol.9, issue.4, pp.267-283, 1990.

R. Hill and W. Shepard, California anostracan cysts Hydrobiologia, pp.3591-3594, 1997.

W. Moore, The effect of prolonged wet storage on the hatchability of eggs of Streptocephalus seali Ryder (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) The Southwestern Naturalist, pp.201-203, 1979.

F. Wiman, Mating behavior in the Streptocephalus fairy shrimps (Crustacea: Anostraca) The Southwestern Naturalist, pp.541-546, 1981.

N. Munuswamy and T. Subramoniam, Influence of mating on ovarian and shell gland activity in a freshwater fairy shrimp Streptocephalus dichotomus (Anostraca) Crustaceana, pp.225-232, 1985.

L. Brendonck, Contributions to the study of the reproductive biology of Streptocephalus proboscideus, vol.602, pp.145-162, 1991.

S. Shu, D. Rogers, X. Chen, and S. , Streptocephalus diversity in Myanmar with description of a new species, Branchiopoda Anostraca) ZooKeys, vol.734, pp.1-12, 2018.

, Bernice R 1971) Food feeding and digestion in Streptocephalus dichotomus Baird, Crustacea: Anostraca) Hydrobiologia, vol.38, issue.3, pp.507-520

A. Hildrew, A quantitative study of the life history of a fairy shrimp (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) in relation to the temporary nature of its habitat a Kenyan rainpool, The Journal of Animal Ecology, pp.99-110, 1985.

J. Mertens, N. Munuswamy, D. Walsche, C. Dumont, and H. , On predatory tendencies in the feeding ecology of the fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus, Crustacea: Anostraca) Hydrobiologia, pp.119-123, 1873.

A. Anaya-soto, S. Sarma, and S. Nandini, Longevity of the freshwater anostracan Streptocephalus mackini (Crustacean: Anostraca) in relation to food (Chlorella vulgaris) concentration, Freshwater Biology, vol.48, issue.3, pp.432-439, 2003.

L. Beladjal, N. Peiren, T. Vandekerckhove, and J. Mertens, Different life histories of the cooccurring fairy shrimps Branchipus schaefferi and Streptocephalus torvicornis, Anostraca) Journal of Crustacean Biology, vol.300, p.307, 2003.

L. Brendonck, D. Centeno, and G. Persoone, Fecundity and resting egg characteristics of some subtropical fairy shrimp and clam shrimp species (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) reared under laboratory conditions Hydrobiologie, vol.126, pp.445-459, 1993.

W. Dararat, P. Starkweather, and L. Sanoamuang, Life history of three fairy shrimps, vol.31, pp.623-630, 2011.

I. Namin, J. Arshad, and Z. Ramezanpoor, Mass culture of fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus (Crustacea-Anostraca) and its use in larviculture of the Persian sturgeon Acipenser persicusAquaculture, Research, vol.3810, pp.1088-92, 2007.

, Ecological intensification: A new paragon for sustainable aquaculture IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol.521, p.12026, 2020.

E. Prasath, M. N. , A. Nazar, and A. , Preliminary studies on the suitability of a fairy shrimp Streptocephalus dichotomus as live food in aquaculture, Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, vol.252, pp.204-207, 1994.

A. Ali and H. Dumont, Larviculture of the fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus (Crustacea: Anostraca): effect of food concentration and physical and chemical properties of the culture medium Studies on Large Branchiopod Biology and Aquaculture, pp.159-165, 1995.

C. Velu and N. Munuswamy, Evaluation of Streptocephalus dichotomus nauplii as a larval diet for freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergiiAquaculture, Nutrition, vol.14, issue.4, pp.331-340, 2008.

K. Sriputhorn and L. Sanoamuang, Fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus sirindhornae) as live feed improve growth and carotenoid contents of giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, International Journal of Zoological Research, vol.72, p.138, 2011.

N. Saengphan, A. Suksomnit, P. Chaleoisak, and R. Chusing, Cultures of fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus sirindhornae) for feeding giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii), International Journal of Agricultural Technology, vol.111, pp.25-29, 2015.

J. Meade and L. Bulkowski-cummings, Acceptability of fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus seali) as a diet for larval fish The, Progressive Fish-Culturist, vol.49, issue.3, pp.217-219, 1987.

L. Lim and C. Wong, Use of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus Pallas in freshwater ornamental fish larviculture Hydrobiologia, pp.3581-3584, 1997.

J. Olson, Vitamin A and carotenoids as antioxidants in a physiological context, Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, vol.39, p.57, 1993.

G. Murugan, H. Nelis, H. Dumont, D. Leenheer, and A. , Cis-and all-trans-canthaxanthin levels in fairy shrimps Comparative, Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol.110, issue.4, pp.799-803, 1995.

M. Linan-cabello, J. Paniagua-michel, and P. Hopkins, Bioactive roles of carotenoids and retinoids in crustaceans Aquaculture nutrition, vol.8, issue.4, pp.299-309, 2002.

C. Velu and N. Munuswamy, Composition and nutritional efficacy of adult fairy shrimp Streptocephalus dichotomus as live feed, Food chemistry, vol.100, issue.4, pp.1435-1442, 2007.

S. Sornsupharp, H. Dahms, and L. Sanoamuang, Nutrient composition of fairy shrimp Streptocephalus sirindhornae nauplii as live food and growth performance of giant freshwater prawn postlarvae, Aquaculture Nutrition, vol.19, issue.3, pp.349-359, 2013.

A. Ali, S. Sarma, and H. Dumont, Cyst production in the fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus (Anostraca) in relation to algal and loricated rotifer diet, Crustaceana72, issue.5, pp.517-530, 1999.

N. Barrera, M. Vergara, and R. , Culture density effects on the age of reproduction and cysts production of fairy Shrimp Streptocephalus mackini, Veterinaria México, vol.38, issue.4, pp.467-475, 2007.

R. Browne, Reproductive pattern and mode in the brine shrimp, Ecology, vol.61, issue.3, pp.466-470, 1980.

G. Gajardo, M. Parraguéz, J. Beardmore, and P. Sorgeloos, Reproduction in the brine shrimp Artemia: evolutionary relevance of laboratory cross-fertility tests, Journal of Zoology, vol.2531, pp.25-32, 2001.

W. Camargo, J. Ely, G. Duran-cobo, and P. Sorgeloos, Influence of some physicochemical parameters on Artemia biomass and cyst production in some Thalassohaline aquatic environments in the Colombian Caribbean, Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, vol.352, pp.274-283, 2004.

, FAO 2019 FAO yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics, 2017.

, MMAF 2018 Marine And Fisheries In Figures 2018The Center for Data Statistics and Information Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Jakarta

, intensification: A new paragon for sustainable aquaculture IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol.521, p.12026, 2019.

L. Hadie, U. , and W. Hadie, Kemungkinan Penggunaan Moina sp dan Daphnia sebagai Pakan Alami Pengganti Artemia salina di dalam Pembenihan Udang Galah Bulletin Penelitian Perikanan, vol.6, pp.32-37, 1987.

M. Alam, K. Ang, and S. Cheah, Use of Moina micrura (Kurz) as an Artemia substitute in the production of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) post-larvae, Aquaculture, vol.109, issue.3-4, pp.337-349, 1993.

S. D. Darmanto, A. Putra, . Chumaidi, and M. Darmawiredja, , 2000.

L. Hung, N. Tuan, C. , P. Lazard, and J. , Larval rearing of the Asian Catfish Pangasius bocourti (Siluroidei Pangasiidae): alternative feeds and weaning time Aquaculture, 2002.

P. Trijoko and . Duw, Inventory Of Zooplankton For Live Feed Of Spiny Lobster (Panulirus homarus L) Larvae In Wedi Ombo Bay Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta Jurnal Perikanan UGM, GMU J Fish Sci) VI, issue.1, pp.24-33, 2004.

J. Slembrouck, W. Pamungkas, J. Subagja, H. Wartono, and M. Legendre, Biologi Larva Petunjuk Teknis Pembenihan Ikan Patin Indonesia Pangasius djambal Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan Jakarta, 2005.

M. Sachlan, Planktonologi Fakultas Peternakan dan Perikanan, 1982.

K. Dierckens, J. Vandenberghe, L. Beladjal, G. Huys, J. Mertens et al., Aeromonas hydrophila causes 'black disease' in fairy shrimps, Anostraca: Crustacea) Journal of Fish Diseases, vol.212, pp.113-119, 1998.

C. Saejung, K. Hatai, S. Wada, O. Kurata, and L. Sanoamuang, Clinical observations of black disease in fairy shrimps Streptocephalus sirindhornae and Branchinella thailandensis from Thailand and pathogen verification, Journal of fish diseases, vol.3412, pp.911-920, 2011.

W. Purivirojkul, Application of probiotic bacteria for controlling pathogenic bacteria in fairy shrimp Branchinella thailandensis culture, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol.131, pp.187-196, 2013.

V. Kumar, S. Roy, D. Meena, and U. Sarkar, Application of probiotics in shrimp aquaculture: importance mechanisms of action and methods of administration, Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture, vol.24, issue.4, pp.342-368, 2016.