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Temps protestant et temps de la modernité : une fausse évidence ?

Yves Krumenacker 1, 2
1 LARHRA REC - Religions et croyances
LARHRA - LAboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes - UMR5190
Abstract : This article raises the question of the modernity of Protestant time. It tries to show that this modernity has met with many resistances: refusal of the new calendar, long subsistence of the observation of traditional festivals, etc. Moreover, Protestant time remained a Christian time, marked by a beginning and an end, which theologians have long sought to date precisely. It is therefore hardly different from Catholic time; the differences appear only marginally, although this is not insignificant. In any case, less than a secularization of time with days that would all have the same value, it is rather a new order of time that is emerging: growing importance of Sunday, enhancement of certain festivals, exceptional moments such as fasting days and the four Last Supper Days. Finally, perhaps the main contribution of 16th-18th century Protestantism to modernity is the value of time control, the idea that time is a good that should not be wasted, which can even save money. This time, which is part of the decline of an old world - at least as we see it in the Renaissance - is a time when we must constantly make an effort to conform to the divine plan; we must not waste it in futile activities or in idleness. Undoubtedly, it is on this point alone that it is very modern, but it is decisive in accompanying and promoting the development of capitalism.
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Yves Krumenacker. Temps protestant et temps de la modernité : une fausse évidence ?. Temporalités : revue de sciences sociales et humaines, Guyancourt : Laboratoire Printemps, 2019, ⟨10.4000/temporalites.6581⟩. ⟨halshs-02910917⟩