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Aux sources du "jeu du chien et du chacal"

Abstract : The archaeological material from Egypt and the Near East includes significant evidence for board games. Commercial relations and military conquests in these regions enabled the diffusion of several games whose ancient names remain unknown, such as the game of Hounds and Jackals, also called the game of 58 holes. This game, attested from the Nile Valley and eastward as far as Iran for more than a millennium, underwent some variations in the shape and decoration of the boards depending on their cultural context. Due to the conditions afforded by the Egyptian climate and pioneering work by Egyptologists, playing scenes and game boards in good states of preservation were discovered since the end of the 19th century. The game of Hounds and Jackals was therefore described as Egyptian early on. This paper tries to determine if we can confirm that the game originated in Egypt or rather in a neighboring region: the earliest examples from the Near East turn out to be as ancient as those found in Egypt, and the eastern corpus proves to be more important during the early second millennium BCE than previously thought.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02895533
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Anne Elizabeth Dunn-Vaturi. Aux sources du "jeu du chien et du chacal". Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2019, pp.75-88. ⟨halshs-02895533⟩

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