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Le martyre de Jean-Baptiste, préfiguration de la Passion du Christ ?

Abstract : The construction of Jesus as a messianic figure in the New Testament draws heavily on another constructed figure, John the Baptist. He is subject to more than one interpretation: on the one hand, in Baptist circles which lay claim to his teaching and on the other, in the emerging Christian movement which sees him as the 'forerunner' of Christ. The account of his martyrdom, which is unsual in hagiographical literature, was employed by Mark, the Evangelist, as a prefiguration of Jesus’ ‘passion’. In so doing, he adopted the well-worn compositional practice of typology, traditional to Ancient Judaism. However, this strategy to integrate the death of the Messiah into a historical framework guided by Providence did not last long and was abandoned by the two other synoptic gospels who relied on the infancy narratives to establish a hierarchy between the two characters.
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Jean-Marie Husser. Le martyre de Jean-Baptiste, préfiguration de la Passion du Christ ?. Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2019, pp.39-47. ⟨halshs-02894247⟩



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