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Inrap et géophysique : vers une approche raisonnée

Abstract : Preventive archaeology in France is based on two stages: evaluation and excavation. Despite a large number of experiments based on geophysical prospection, especially during the evaluation phase, the integration of these techniques within the preventive process remains rather limited. Conflicts and misunderstandings have arisen between proponents of geophysics and proponents of trial trenches to assess the archaeological potential in a preventive context. These points of contention focus on three aspects: scientific reliability, time savings and costs of geophysics compared to standard evaluation. In spite of this, over the last few years, Inrap has been developing and implementing geophysical studies by advocating a rational use of these techniques, i.e. only when geophysics is known to be relevant. The main applications concern the detection of archaeological remains but also the reconstruction of ancient landscapes and, in a more original way, the mapping and characterisation of archaeological layers during excavations. To this end, Inrap recently created a geophysical department and all indicators point to an increase in survey number and a very good integration of geophysics within the archaeological community.
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Guillaume Hulin, François-Xavier Simon. Inrap et géophysique : vers une approche raisonnée. Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2020, 7, pp.254-259. ⟨10.47245/archimede.0007.act.12⟩. ⟨halshs-02893770⟩



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