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Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age

Laura Robinson 1 Jeremy Schulz 2 Hopeton Dunn 3 Antonio Casilli 4, 5, 6, 7 Paola Tubaro 8, 9 Rod Carveth 10 Wenhong Chen 11 Julie Wiest 12 Matías Dodel 13 Michael Stern 14 Christopher Ball 15 Kuo-Ting Huang 16 Grant Blank 17 Massimo Ragnedda 18 Hiroshi Ono 19 Bernie Hogan 17 Gustavo Mesch 13 Shelia Cotten 14 Susan Kretchmer 20 Timothy Hale 15 Tomasz Drabowicz 21 Pu Yan 17 Barry Wellman 22 Molly-Gloria Harper 23 Anabel Quan-Haase 24 Aneka Khilnani 25
Abstract : Marking the 25 th anniversary of the "digital divide," we continue our metaphor of the digital inequality stack by mapping out the rapidly evolving nature of digital inequality using a broad lens. We tackle complex, and often unseen, inequalities spawned by the platform economy, automation, big data, algorithms, cybercrime, cybersafety, gaming, emotional well-being, assistive technologies, civic engagement, and mobility. These inequalities are woven throughout the digital inequality stack in many ways including differentiated access, use, consumption, literacies, skills, and production. While many users are competent prosumers who nimbly work within different layers of the stack, very few individuals are "full stack engineers" able to create or recreate digital devices, networks, and software platforms as pure producers. This new frontier of digital inequalities further differentiates digitally skilled creators from mere users. Therefore, we document emergent forms of inequality that radically diminish individuals' agency and augment the power of technology creators, big tech, and other already powerful social actors whose dominance is increasing.
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Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz, Hopeton Dunn, Antonio Casilli, Paola Tubaro, et al.. Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age. First Monday, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 2020, 25, ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10844⟩. ⟨halshs-02889891⟩

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