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Néolibéralisation de la nature

Abstract : The term "neo-liberalization of nature" flourished in the early the 2000s, at the end of a decade of structural adjustment in the so-called Southern countries, and at a period globalization of environmental issues. It was first a mantra of the movements denouncing the renewed interference of the great Western powers and their emissaries, the transnational companies, marked by the advance of agrarian fronts, mining activities or the extraction of hydrocarbons. The term simultaneously makes an academic career out of the second half of the 2000s, seeking to critically describe the renewal of the links to nature established by Capitalism at the beginning of the 21st century, mainly in terms of the "commodification" of natural objects and the new associated environmental regulations. This double filiation results in a polysemy of the term "neo-liberalization of nature", according to the insistence that on the mechanisms of dispossession and domination that it covers, or that its cultural and political economy dimensions are privileged. Despite its heuristic limitations, mentioned in this entry, and subject to clarifying the scales and objects to which it is to be applied, the concept remains useful to shed light on some of the key debates relating to the Anthropocene.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 8:37:21 PM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-02869248, version 1

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Eve-Anne Bühler, Pierre Gautreau. Néolibéralisation de la nature. Dictionnaire critique de l'Anthropocène, 2020. ⟨halshs-02869248⟩

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