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Expression et position du sujet en ancien français : le rôle de la personne pronominale

Abstract : Unlike other Romance languages, French is a non-pro-drop language, and has become so for reasons that remain to be fully understood. The potential correlate of the grammatical person of subject clitics is revisited in this paper. By using a calibrated corpus of data from the same customal text type and region, it raises the question of whether first and second person subject clitics undergo before third person ones compulsory expression in preverbal position. The quantitative study shows that indeed the rate of expression and preverbal position is higher for first and second person subject clitics as compared to third person ones; what’s more, the former is significantly related to verbs of saying. The study shows that legal texts provide an earlier chronology of change, and that calibration by type and region helps exclude non-structural factors of variation.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02865639
Contributor : Mathieu Goux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 11, 2020 - 8:51:40 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 5, 2020 - 3:54:25 PM

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Mathieu Goux, Pierre Larrivée. Expression et position du sujet en ancien français : le rôle de la personne pronominale. Actes. CMLF (Congrès mondial de linguistique française), 2020, ⟨10.1051/shsconf/20207803002⟩. ⟨halshs-02865639⟩

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