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Comportements alimentaires durant l'Antiquité tardive en Gaule du Nord : l'exemple des sujets de la nécropole de l'Ilot de la Boucherie (IIIe-IVe siècles ap. J.-C., Amiens)

Abstract : During Late Antiquity, Northern Gaul played an important role in the relations between the Roman Empire and the barbarian world. In order to better understand the lifestyles of these populations, and in particular their dietary practices, a broad isotope analysis (δ13C and δ15N) was undertaken on subjects from the Ilot de la Boucherie site in Amiens. We will present here the first results of this research concerning thirty-three subjects from this site as well as thirty-two subjects from three contemporary neighbouring sites and a corpus of twenty-eight specimens of domestic species. Comparison of the isotope values of human subjects with those of animals from the associated sites has revealed first of all a significant enrichment in 13C which could be the first documented isotopic evidence of millet consumption in ancient Europe. Secondly, the values obtained from δ15N are relatively low and suggest a regular consumption of legumes. Based on statistical studies, the sampled subjects seem to form a homogeneous group with regard to eating habits. The intra-individual study also determined that the majority of the subjects at the Ilot de la Boucherie site had the same diet during childhood and in adulthood. On the scale of the Roman Empire, this research has highlighted the singularity of the diet of the Northern Gauls, as the isotopic relationships between humans and the associated fauna are not found in any published site dating from this period. These results are an advance in the knowledge of the dietary habits of the inhabitants of Northern Gaul, which seem to differ from other late Antique populations already studied using isotope markers. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02642989
Contributor : Leïa Mion <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 7:15:31 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 10:14:04 AM

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Leïa Mion, Estelle Herrscher, Joël Blondiaux, E Binet. Comportements alimentaires durant l'Antiquité tardive en Gaule du Nord : l'exemple des sujets de la nécropole de l'Ilot de la Boucherie (IIIe-IVe siècles ap. J.-C., Amiens). 1839ème Journées de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, Jan 2014, Montpellier, France. ⟨halshs-02642989⟩

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