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Dessein et destin de quatre arrêts de la Cour de justice des communautés européennes : Peut-on maintenir la spécificité des modèles sociaux en Europe ?

Abstract : Between December 2007 and June 2008, the Court of Justice of the European Community (CJEC) pronounced four judgments (Viking, Laval, Rüffert and Luxembourg) which overtly question some of the specific features of European social models, regarding the right to strike, the nature of collectively-agreed provisions, as well as procedures for setting the minimum wage. This article begins by describing the circumstances in which those judgments were pronounced and then analyses the legal arguments giving priority to norms regarding the free provision of services over norms protecting workers. Secondly, it looks into the possible impact of such an approach of Community law, in terms both of weakening collectively-agreed provisions (based on the case of Sweden) and of implementing increasingly aggressive international subcontracting strategies, which call for new forms of collective mobilization (as the disputes that took place in the UK in 2009 show). European workers are expecting a quick response at European level, including a new directive on posted workers, while the institutions concerned remain, in contrast, very inert.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02640585
Contributor : Véronique Lacroix <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 3:06:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 11:32:03 AM

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Sylvaine Laulom, Florence Lefresne. Dessein et destin de quatre arrêts de la Cour de justice des communautés européennes : Peut-on maintenir la spécificité des modèles sociaux en Europe ?. La Revue de l'IRES, IRES, 2009, pp.127-152. ⟨10.3917/rdli.063.0127⟩. ⟨halshs-02640585⟩

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