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Pouvoir et représentation selon Guillaume d'Ockham

Abstract : This paper proposes a short and general presentation of Ockham’s ideas about the political power. These ideas are always linked with concrete debates ant concern either the relative powers of the Emperor and the Pope, or the relations of power inside the Roman Church. William of Ockham rejects the theory of the plenitudo potestatis dear to the supporters of the Pope but he does not found this refusal, as it was often the case, on the Aristotelian conception of the society. The point of departure is a certain idea of the Natural Law, or Law of Nature, which has with the positive law (the ius humanum) complex relations of foundation and progressive distance. The political and social relations are since the Fall characterized by contingency, and the government leans on a purely human pact. The normal practice of sovereignty implies the representation, but there is no necessity nor infallibility, and that can justify a right to resistance
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Contributor : Joël Biard <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 25, 2020 - 5:02:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 4:06:02 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02619431, version 1



Joël Biard. Pouvoir et représentation selon Guillaume d'Ockham. Jean-Pierre Cotten, Robert Damien, André Tosel. La Représentation et ses crises, Presses universitaires Franc-Comtoises, 2001, 978-2-84627-007-6. ⟨halshs-02619431⟩



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