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How to implement a fair and progressive carbon price to fight climate change?

Abstract : The principle of "common but differentiated responsibility", a key concept of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), acknowledges the conditions for a generally acceptable and differentiated pricing mechanism on carbon emissions. With reference to this principle, carbon price determination has become one of the necessary instruments to limit global warming to a maximum of 2 °C. In this article, we propose the allocation of a carbon price per country based on the Human Development Index (HDI) and 0 2 emissions per capita. We demonstrate that under a multilateral framework, the price of carbon would be fixed according to a reference price depending on the HDI and 0 2 emissions. For example, if a country emits more than the amount allocated to its HDI level, it will have to pay a higher price than the established reference price, and vice versa. Reference prices as functions of HDIs and emissions will be estimated based on a trajectory to reach the target goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions. A key element of our proposed scheme is that it generates national revenue allowing high-emitting countries a rapid decarbonization and developing countries (with generally lower emissions) accelerated development and early implementation of green infrastructures. Our research goal is related to documenting the benefits of a differentiated and progressive carbon pricing mechanism to ease intergovernmental cooperation.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02613281
Contributor : Stéphane Goutte <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 20, 2020 - 2:30:49 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 9, 2021 - 12:04:01 PM

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Raphaël-Homayoun Boroumand, Stéphane Goutte, Thomas Porcher, Thomas Stocker. How to implement a fair and progressive carbon price to fight climate change?. 2020. ⟨halshs-02613281⟩

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