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Determinantes de la participación femenina en el mercado de trabajo en la Galicia rural y urbana de 1924

Abstract : This article provides new data on the female labour activity rate, obtained by analysing the determinants of female participation in rural and urban labour markets in Galicia in 1924. We selected five municipalities (two cities and three towns) to represent different economic models. The two larger hubs are A Coruña, a city with industry, services and a commercial port; and Ourense, a provincial capital in the interior of the region. The smaller, more rural municipalities analysed are Bueu, a good example of the region’s industrialization model focused on fishing, fish processing; Padrón, which combines agriculture, textiles, and tanning sectors; and Nigrán, which is eminently agrarian. By combining demographic data (Nominative Population Census of 1924) with other sources, this article corrects the female activity rate in agriculture and the fish-processing industry. The revised female labour participation rates are higher, surpassing 50% in rural municipalities and 30% in cities. We also analyse rural and urban labour markets from a gender perspective, identifying the main male and female occupations. Finally, this research explores the accuracy of the predominance of the “male breadwinner” model in this region in the 1920s.
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Luisa-María Muñoz-Abeledo, María-Salomé Taboada-Mella, Rosa-María Verdugo-Matés. Determinantes de la participación femenina en el mercado de trabajo en la Galicia rural y urbana de 1924. Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, 2019, pp.161-186. ⟨10.26882/histagrar.079e06m⟩. ⟨halshs-02569859⟩

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