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Analyse taphonomique et spatiale de palimpsestes d'occupations moustériennes de l'abri inférieur du Moustier (Dordogne, France)

Abstract : One of the major concerns of Palaeolithic archaeology is understanding the various natural and anthropogenic processes underlying the formation of archaeological palimpsests. Many Middle Palaeolithic sites comprise rich accumulations of lithic and faunal remains. Here we explore variations in artifact types and inter-material densities encountered during new excavations at the lower shelter of Le Moustier. To this end, we mobilise spatial and taphonomic data to assess the multiple depositional and post-depositional processes responsible for the composition and organization of archaeological material. A combination of geoarchaeological information with density calculations, particle size distribution of lithic objects, fabric analysis, surface conditions of lithic artefacts and the statistical analysis of refitted lithic artefacts suggests the organization and ultimate composition of the remains to be dependent on natural formation processes, including flooding, sur- face water runoff and the desquamation of the shelter walls. While the overall homogeneity and technological nature of the lithic industries appears unaffected by such processes, the same cannot be said for the faunal material.
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Marc Thomas, Emmanuel Discamps, Brad Gravina, Jean-Pierre Texier. Analyse taphonomique et spatiale de palimpsestes d'occupations moustériennes de l'abri inférieur du Moustier (Dordogne, France). PALEO Revue d'Archéologie Préhistorique, Société des amis du Musée national de préhistoire et de la recherche archéologique — SAMRA, 2019, 30 (1), pp.278-299. ⟨10.4000/paleo.4897⟩. ⟨halshs-02565585⟩

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