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Les thèmes bibliques dans la sculpture arménienne préarabe

Abstract : The article presents a brief inventory of the themes of early Christian and pre-Arab Armenian sculpture (from 4th to 7th century) which illustrate or refer to passages of the Bible. Among the many subjects from the Old Testament, the most popular are those of Daniel in the lions’ den and the Sacrifice of Abraham. These subjects belong to the general early Christian funerary repertoire and, in Armenia too, they mainly decorate monuments with a funerary or commemorative function. Scenes from the new testament are rarer, because at the time images of the timeless glory of Christ and those with "icon character" of the Mother of God were preferred. At most, there are some representations of Baptism and Ascension, which tend to be transformed into a triumphal symbol. The study also focuses on the many animal and plant images that can refer to biblical texts or even illustrate passages, allegories and parables from the Bible. Finally, the article notes certain forms and ornaments, especially plant motifs, which perhaps refer to the description of Solomon's Temple.
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Patrick Donabédian. Les thèmes bibliques dans la sculpture arménienne préarabe. Revue des études Arméniennes, Peeters Publishers, 1991, 22, pp.253-314. ⟨halshs-02550803⟩

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