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Applications of inter-site spatial archaeology in eastern Languedoc (France) to cast light on the history of the system of settlement from the Iron Age to the Middle Ages

Abstract : We report here on studies of the system of settlement in eastern Languedoc (France), all of which have given precedence to inter-site spatial analysis. We evoke statistical and geostatistical analyses applied to establishments, then typologies and the computation of hierarchical scores by correspondence factor analysis: those computations were used in a simple gravity model to construct networks of establishments. Next we turn to the environment and the development of farmland. This approach allows us to define two typologies: one for infield/outfield farming, the other for topographical environments. The micro-regional profiles established in this way provide information about the development of the physical settings of habitat. This analysis has been supplemented for the Vaunage by a study of off-site artefacts that are indicative of farmed areas. For the same region and for the Lunellois, archaeological data were cross-matched with the remains of centuriations. Thirdly we look at epigraphic data that provide valuable indications about the society of the time. There again we have given precedence to spatial processing of data: mapping of citizens and peregrines, distribution of Latin or indigenous names, and analysis of spatial dynamics affecting aristocratic families.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02546530
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 18, 2020 - 8:56:31 AM
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Marie-Jeanne Ouriachi, François Favory. Applications of inter-site spatial archaeology in eastern Languedoc (France) to cast light on the history of the system of settlement from the Iron Age to the Middle Ages. 2020. ⟨halshs-02546530⟩

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