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Structuration rituelle de la relation défunts-vivants au Cambodge dans les morts individuelles et collectives

Abstract : The author examines the different phases of death among the Khmer in Cambodia where Theravada Buddhism, which is the official religion, is influenced by the old animist background. Death is perceived as a transition rather than a final breakdown. The crucial importance of the earth and to a lesser extent of water and fire, in funerary rituals is underlined. The article describes the “career of the dead”, i.e. the ritual phases which have to be passed through during the transformation of the corpse into a defunct person and then an ancestor. This “career” goes along with the mourning process of the living and is structured by it. Moreover, the presence of the dead among the living and their relationship with them is governed by clear rules so as to be well structured, and non invasive. The last part of the article is about the victims of the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979). Unexpectedly, the Khmer do not assimilate them into the traditionnal category of the “dead who died a bad death”.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 3, 2020 - 5:26:58 PM
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Anne Yvonne Guillou. Structuration rituelle de la relation défunts-vivants au Cambodge dans les morts individuelles et collectives. L'Autre : cliniques, cultures et sociétés, 2018, Morts ou vifs, 19 (2), pp.267 - 275. ⟨10.3917/lautr.057.0267⟩. ⟨halshs-02531604⟩

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