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Aménagement et fonctionnement de structures de stockage de la fin de l’âge du Fer dans le Bassin parisien : approche interdisciplinaire sur le site du Plessis-Gassot Le Bois-Bouchard (Val-d’Oise)

Abstract : On rural farming sites, foods are stocked above ground in elevated structures or underground in excavated structures. Even though the function of these structures is globally accepted, little is known of the foodstuffs stored and the length of time they were stored, information that cannot be obtained by traditional methods. A pluri-disciplinary study of 20 storage pits and 8 square pits from the Late Iron Age site of "Le Plessis Gassot-Le Bois-Bouchard" was thus undertaken in the prospect of bringing new answers to the question of foodstuffs and storage. The methodology includes three phases: a detailed in situ analysis of the structures morphology and stratigraphy, micromorphological, phytolithic and carpological analysis of sediments in the laboratory and finally the synthesis of all results by archaeologists and other specialists. The micromorphological analysis was used to determine the humidity levels in the pits environment and also to determine the presence of any kind of internal structure that could have participated in the protection of the foodstuffs (roof or floor coverings). Results suggest that certain pits had some kind of wooden covering. The studies concerning the square pits are still at a preliminary stage, as the sample is statistically very small. However for some of the storage pits, the results of this interdisciplinary study have brought together interesting interpretations of short and long term storage depending on the pits internal structures and the foodstuffs stored within.
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Cécilia Cammas, Fabrice Marti, Pascal Verdin. Aménagement et fonctionnement de structures de stockage de la fin de l’âge du Fer dans le Bassin parisien : approche interdisciplinaire sur le site du Plessis-Gassot Le Bois-Bouchard (Val-d’Oise). Olivier Buchsenschutz; Alain Bulard; Thierry Lejars. L’âge du Fer en Île-de-France. Actes du XXVIe colloque de l’Association française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Paris et Saint-Denis, 9-12 mai 2002), Supplément à la Revue archéologique du Centre de la France (26), FERACF, pp.33-54, 2005, 978-2913272118. ⟨halshs-02530477⟩

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