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Le cimetière celtique de La Fosse Cotheret, à Roissy (Val-d’Oise) et les usages funéraires aristocratiques dans le nord du Bassin parisien à l’aube du IIIe siècle avant J.-C.

Abstract : Of the 10 burials excavated at the Celtic cemetery of Roissy in 1999, two are chariot burials. The site dates to the early La Tène period (first decades of the 3rd century BC) and belongs to a small group of aristocratic cemeteries of the Plaine de France whose common denominator is the relatively small number of burials with specific rituals that include chariot burials or the deposit of exotic and sump tuous objects. After a brief description of the structures, we will describe the different aspects of these ensembles (the role and the importance of certain individuals warriors or people linked to the sacred sphere). The small number of burials, the quality of certain finds (bronze objects and black varnished pottery) and the rareness or even absence of regional cemeteries dating before and after the Roissy ensemble question the origin of these communities, as well as the cemeteries heuristic value in relation to demographic study and the ethnogenesis of these ancient peoples. One can finally ask if in a specific historical climate, the motivation of the elite of the Plaine de France was to consolidate their territorial authority and their authority over the population by adopting such ostentatious funerary rites.
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Thierry Lejars. Le cimetière celtique de La Fosse Cotheret, à Roissy (Val-d’Oise) et les usages funéraires aristocratiques dans le nord du Bassin parisien à l’aube du IIIe siècle avant J.-C.. Olivier Buchsenschutz; Alain Bulard; Thierry Lejars. L’âge du Fer en Île-de-France. Actes du XXVIe colloque de l’Association française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Paris et Saint-Denis, 9-12 mai 2002), Supplément à la Revue archéologique du Centre de la France (26), FERACF, pp.73-83, 2005, 978-2913272118. ⟨halshs-02530202⟩

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