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Considérations nouvelles sur l’iconographie anthropomorphe de l’âge du Fer en Gaule méditerranéenne

Abstract : Rapid progress in recent decades in our knowledge of the protohistory of southern France and more generally that of Europe now allows the figurative sculpture of the Midi to be reconsidered, in terms of its style, the techniques employed in producing it, and the chronology that can be deduced from some of the details that are depicted. The following stages can be identified: The earliest figures, incised on standing stones and on monolithic blocks for porticos, date from the very beginning of the Iron Age. Sculpture in the round, consisting of both busts of warriors and of standing figures, is underway before the end of the 6th century BC and is independent of any southern influences. Seated figures with knees widely splayed appear from the beginning of the 5th century BC : they wear elaborate, multicoloured clothes and breastplates with backs to them. In stylistic terms, the fourth group is attributable to the Second Iron Age. Throughout this period, figures are realistic in appearance and are shown with both their weapons and the symbols of their military victories. The geographical distribution of these figures, and their chronological framework, still require to be fully established. Their significance as depictions of warrior-heroes in the zone around the most important Greek colony in the West also merits consideration.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02525893
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Patrice Arcelin, André Rapin. Considérations nouvelles sur l’iconographie anthropomorphe de l’âge du Fer en Gaule méditerranéenne. Olivier Buchsenschutz; Alain Bulard; Marie-Bernadette Chardenoux; Nathalie Ginoux. Décors, images et signes de l’âge du Fer européen. Actes du XXVIe colloque de l’Association française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Paris et Saint-Denis, 9-12 mai 2002), Supplément à la Revue archéologique du Centre de la France (24), FERACF, pp.183-219, 2003, 978-2-913272-09-5. ⟨halshs-02525893⟩

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