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Pain, miel et poisson : exégèse patristique des aliments consommés après la résurrection

Abstract : What did Christ eat after the resurrection? The study of the aliments present during the meals of the risen Christ in the evangelical texts leads us to notice a variant in the text of Lk 24:42, widely spread both in the East and in the West: the mention of a honeycomb alongside the grilled fish. After studying the diffusion of this lesson in the manuscript tradition of the Greek New Testament and in the ancient versions, we focus on the commentary on this passage provided by Cyril of Jerusalem and Gregory of Nyssa. Both connect the Lucanian verse to Ct 5:1c, which mentions bread and honey; this connection leads Gregory of Nyssa to merge the accounts of the meal of Jn 21, by the lake, and of Lk 24, in Jerusalem, in order to match the food with that of Ct 5:1c. There are some testimonies of this longer variant of Lk 24:42 from the middle of the 4th century onwards (Pseudo-Athanasius, Epiphanius of Cyprus); the older testimonies remain very problematic and are reduced to a paraphrase in a fragment of the pseudo-Justin. The conclusive Latin testimonies are all later than the 4th century.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 19, 2020 - 3:45:06 PM
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Matthieu Cassin. Pain, miel et poisson : exégèse patristique des aliments consommés après la résurrection. Revue d'études augustiniennes et patristiques, Institut d'Études Augustiniennes, 2019, 65 (2), pp.287-305. ⟨10.1484/J.REA.5.120341⟩. ⟨halshs-02512357⟩

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