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Mobilité, histoire et émergence d'un concept en sociolinguistique

Abstract : Figurehead of the Western understanding of a globalized world, the concept of mobility is also largely exploited in various theoretical paradigms of the humanities and social sciences. With the discourse held on this topic in their own field as a starting point, the authors, sociolinguists, chart the complete profile of this notion. The first chapter reports on the reapproprating of this concept originally derived from humanities – mainly geography – without reconceptualization. Furthermore, it also describes the term MOBILITY as an implicit assumption rather than a real discourse object, when it is imbedded in the discourse in non-topical positions. The second chapter is dedicated to the research of the conceptual advent of MOBILITY in social discourse, through the study of more general discourse-based uses; this research is made possible through the Frantext corpus, an online-accessible textual database of literary and historical and contemporary written media data. As much as it remains elusive in language sciences, the concept of mobility as a strong foothold in the humanities. The emergence of the concept in human geography and sociology (but also found in anthropology and political sciences), starting from physical space and its concrete exploration, is the topic of the third chapter. Chapter four returns to the works of sociolinguists who, more often than not, contribute to echo the injunction to mobility observed throughout the social world by adopting mobility as central study object without ensuring a substantial conceptualization, but who nonetheless attempt to create new theoretical paradigms. This posture also contributes to distinguishing a North American tradition from a European approach, and to transcend grammar (the linguistic study of a self-contained system), by bringing the language sciences closer to social sciences and humanities. The fifth and last chapter of this book proposes a conceptualization of mobility specific to our field, sociolinguistics, that is respectful both of the interdisciplinary kinships and of the study objects that sociolinguists have directed their attention towards for over half a century. The concrete propositions laid out in this chapter aim at rendering mobility operational to language sciences, by putting it at the center of a practice of linguistics which considers languages and the discourses that express them as fundamentally dynamic entities part of a complex system. The originality of this publication in part lies in the fact that, to delve into the observations and propositions listed above, the authors have invited researchers from adjacent fields such as sociology and philosophy (Ch. Mincke, J.-F. Dupeyron, C. De Gourcy) to shed light on the notion through study objects pertinaing to their field (criminology, education, and immigration). Evidence of this primary human process which consists in constructing our abstract representations from the perceptible space surrounding us, the scope of our book is an invitation to understand mobility as a construction of a “home” within language, far beyond liberal ideologies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 12, 2020 - 11:19:33 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 9:00:07 AM

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Katja Ploog, Anne-Sophie Calinon, Nathalie Thamin, Constance de Gourcy, Jean-François Dupeyron, et al.. Mobilité, histoire et émergence d'un concept en sociolinguistique. L'Harmattan, 2020, Espaces discursifs, 978-2-343-18313-8. ⟨halshs-02506262⟩

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