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L'habitat mycénien : formes et fonctions de l'espace bâti en Grèce continentale à la fin du IIe millénaire avant J.-C.

Abstract : This is the first overall study of the Mycenaean settlement that takes into account the architectural features, plans and sizes, as well as the organisation and artifacts of over 180 buildings excavated on the Greek mainland (Peloponnese, Central Greece and Thessaly) and dating to the Late Helladic period (1550-1025 BC). Three classes of buildings are distinguished. The palaces are characterised by their large size, a complex method of construction, the presence of a stereotyped architectural nucleus and the specialisation of certain rooms. The elite who controlled Argolida, Messenia and Boeotia in the display of their power borrowed from Minoan Crete the actual idea of the palatial system, the methods of administrative control (tablets and nodules) and aspects of the palatial buildings (preparation of the terrain, use of cut building stone, mural paintings, monolithic thresholds). In relation to the preceding periods on the Greek mainland, this represented a difference not of scale, but of nature. By contrast, the houses, of modest size, with a limited number of rooms, were constructed simply and functionally as multipurpose shelters. The great majority of them were hardly to be distinguished from the settlement units conceived some centuries earlier in the Aegean region and which exhibited no marked evolution during the Mycenaean period. Between these two classes there were intermediate buildings more monumental in size and more complex in construction than the houses; the artifacts in them (ivories, administrative documents in Linear B) are often comparable to those of the palaces, but they have a different plan. At Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos and Thebes they are associated with the palatial sphere, while at Gla the construction programme appears to reflect special requirements, possibly military. The techniques of construction and the Mycenaean architectural forms did not spread outside of the Greek mainland. The Mycenaean palatial system does not seem to have extended beyond Argolida, Messenia and Boeotia.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02498304
Contributor : Pascal Darcque <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 12:56:40 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 10:24:15 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02498304, version 1

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Pascal Darcque. L'habitat mycénien : formes et fonctions de l'espace bâti en Grèce continentale à la fin du IIe millénaire avant J.-C.. Ecole française d'Athènes. 2005, Bibliothèque des Écoles Françaises d'Athènes et de Rome, 2-86958-189-0. ⟨halshs-02498304⟩

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