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The equalising mirage? Socioeconomic segregation and environmental justice in post-socialist Bucharest

Abstract : Unlike the vast majority of European capitals, and despite growing income inequality, descriptive measures of socioeconomic segregation seem to show a desegregation trend in Bucharest over the last two decades. Socioeconomic segregation and environmental justice studies provide completing insights of the intricated uneven geographies of social, economic and environmental disparities of post-socialist cities. And Bucharest is paradoxically the most populated and yet less studied of the capitals of Central and Eastern Europe. This paper explores changes in the patterns of socioeconomic segregation in post-socialist Bucharest, sheds more light on the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and the patterns of segregation, and includes 'attractor' and 'repellent' environmental factors, contributing to combine environmental justice and socioeconomic segregation approaches. Despite the apparently continuous desegregation trend, and even when controlling for the presence and proximity of other predictors, environmental factors play an increasing role in shaping local socioeconomic segregation patterns. This would suggest the need for consideration of the environmental factors in public policies aimed at mitigating the social cost of the transition and residential segregation. This should also lead to use descriptive measures of segregation more cautiously and to explore the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics, environmental conditions and the local patterns of segregation instead.
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Contributor : Samuel Rufat <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 9:10:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 9:44:56 AM
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Samuel Rufat, Szymon Marcińczak. The equalising mirage? Socioeconomic segregation and environmental justice in post-socialist Bucharest. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, Springer Verlag, 2019, 35, pp.917-938. ⟨10.1007/s10901-019-09722-7⟩. ⟨halshs-02485390⟩



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