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Ostie. Fenêtres sur cour. Le Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate : reconstruire cinq siècles de vie ostienne

Abstract : This book is the result of a PhD thesis, recently defended at the Université catholique de Louvain, in Belgium. The aim of this research is to conduct a thorough study on the Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate at Ostia, a commercial building built at the beginning of the 2nd c. AD in the western district of the ancient city, as well as its predecessors. One of the major peculiarities of this complex is the fact it has been built on top of the remains of a domus with atrium and peristyle, dated to ca. 60 BC and frequently restored until its demolition, when the caseggiato was built at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. During a series of surveys carried out by the Soprintendenza di Ostia during the 1940s and 1970s, a large amount of wall paintings and mosaics were found, among which a remarkable emblema in opus vermiculatum. Despite the quality of these floor and wall decorations, the excavations were never published and the materials were left in the deposits without being studied. One of the purposes of this Research has been to interpret the remains of the Republican domus through the examination of the archival record and the study of the archaeological materials – especially the wall paintings and mosaics – in order to enlighten one of the less known periods of the history of Ostia, the one preceding the large renovation works of the Emperor Hadrian. The second aim of this work is to achieve a full comprehension of all the preserved structures, in order to reconstruct the building and life phases characterizing this parcel of land over the centuries, from the domus to the Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate. Thanks to a rigorous methodology, inspired by building archaeology, the walls have revealed all the complexity and the richness of the life in this part of the city. More than seven building phases were identified, and each of them could be relatively well dated, thanks to the analysis of the vertical stratigraphy, and the archival record. The analysis of the remaining structures has also allowed to reconstruct different aspects of the building during its life, among which its original aspect and its functioning: number of floors, roofing, water and closing system, wall and floor decoration, relation to the other buildings, effect of light and dark… In this study, we have tried to show the importance of studying the microcontext of the house in order to understand the macrocontext of this quarter of Ostia. In fact, the study of a single parcel of land and its surroundings has provided a series of elements and dates that help reconstruct a broader reality, in this case the urban development of western district of Ostia from the 1st c. BC to the end of the 5th c. AD.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02479448
Contributor : Paolo Tomassini <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 3:01:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 2:32:44 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02479448, version 1

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Paolo Tomassini. Ostie. Fenêtres sur cour. Le Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate : reconstruire cinq siècles de vie ostienne. Peeters, Babesch Supplements Series, A paraître. ⟨halshs-02479448⟩

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